LED flasher with ic 555

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Fridge Door Alarm | Using 555 Timer IC | Easy | DIY | Electronic Project | Homemade

=================================================================== Fridge Door Alarm | Using 555 Timer IC | Easy | DIY | Electronic Project | Homemade =================================================================== Hello , Today In This Tutorial I Am Going To Show You Step By Step ( Home Made ) How to make Fridge Door Alarm Circuit with the help of 555 Timer IC. This Electronic Project is Very Simple Easy and DIY (Do It Yourself) You Will Find Full Project Description and All Useful Material Including • Circuit Diagram / Schematic • Hardware / Component List • Code • Datasheet • Pin Configuration Etc At ↪ https://circuit-diy.com/fridge-door-alarm-using-555-timer-ic-easy-diy-electronic-project-homemade/ Thanks for Watching It. ↪ For Any Difficulty Please Comment Below ======================== Subscribe To Our Channel ======================== ⟹ https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCi6ZqREHDIx2xLrCRkrRS0w ====================== Like Our Facebook Page ====================== ⟹ https://www.facebook.com/Circuit-DIY-122206971927665/ ================== Required Components ================== 555 timer IC – 2Nos 5mm LDR – 1No. Buzzer – 1No. Diode (1N4007 or 1N4001) – 1No. Capacitor, 47uF(Electrolytic) – 1No. Capacitor, 0.1uF(Ceramic) – 1No. Resistors (10kὨ - 1; 470kὨ -1; 150kὨ -2; 100Ὠ -1) Breadboard Connecting wires =================== Project Description =================== The name of the circuit itself infers the application. This circuit triggers the alarm if the door of Fridge is left open for the long time. When the door of the refrigerator is left open, the temperature inside the cabin will increase. This rise in temperature will be sensed by thermostat and try to cool down the cabin. It will always try to maintain constant temperature of the system. The compressor will be working continuously to remove the heat from cabin, this increases the power consumption from the receptacle. Also, continuous usage under this condition would reduce the life of compressor and probably do malfunction. Hence, this Fridge Door Alarm Circuit is a good solution which will indicate the user about the door in prolonged open condition. We can also set different pre-set time after which the audible indication has to be given. This is done here by using the versatile 555 timer IC under astable multivibrator mode and LDR. As soon as we open the Door of refrigerator, LDR senses it and start the countdown using 555 Timer, and after a preset time the buzzers starts beeping as alarm signal. The two 555 timers are connected in Astable multivibrator mode. The key components in the circuit are LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) and 555 Timer IC. LDR works under the principle of Photo Conductivity. The conductance of the material inside the element increases when light falls over it. In terms of resistance, the value of resistance decreases when light falls over it and resistance will be large in dark surrounding. The resistance is directly proportional the light over the material, check the table below: There are several types of LDR like 3mm LDR, 4mm LDR, 5mm LDR, 7mm LDR and etc. The part used here is 5mm LDR. Using the above data we have considered the resistance divider as 10k with 5mm LDR. 555 Timer in Astable operation: Astable multivibrator has no stable states. The output swings between high and low based on the timing resistor and capacitor. The formulae to calculate the time delay is as below, Time (Sec) = 1.1 x (R2 + R3) x C1 You can also use this 555 timer calculator to calculate the output values. Here in this Fridge Door Open Alarm Circuit, we have used two 555 ICs, one for calculate the ‘Fridge door Open time duration’ after which the Buzzer should be triggered, and second 555 IC is for controlling the Buzzer beeping pattern. Below we have calculated Time delay for Buzzer to be triggered and selected the resistor values accordingly. Here the Time delay means the duration for which the Refrigerator Door is left open. This is done by first 555 IC in the circuit. Time (Sec)=1.1 × (620kὨ ± 5%) × 47uF Time =30.4 secs Hence, R2=150kὨ, R3=470kὨ in series and C1=47uF Below we have calculated the Time Delay for second 555 IC, which is controlling Buzzer Beeping Time Period. In this case time delay is calculated as, Time (Sec) =1.1 × (470kὨ ± 5%) × 0.1uF Time = 0.5 secs Hence, R5=470kὨ and C2=0.1uF (The buzzer turns ON and OFF at this time frame) Learn more about 555 Timer Astable multivibrator mode here. The whole circuit is powered by a 9V battery. When the fridge door is closed, it is dark and the resistance of the LDR is nearly 1MὨ as given in datasheet. The output voltage of the potential divider appears across the capacitor and it remains in charged condition (Voltage higher than 2/3Vcc) making the output LOW. When we open the Fridge, the light falls over LDR which lowers down the resistance of LDR

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Powerful LED flasher with ic 555 timer

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